It was about one and a half years ago that I finally I arrived where I had always wanted to be and do what I had always wanted-- teach students, support small language communities and conduct research on African languages on my doorstep. The University of Cape Town and my new colleagues welcomed my efforts to establish the Centre for African Language Diversity-- CALDi as well as The African Language Archive-- TALA and I was recently appointed the Mellon Research Chair: African Language Diversity this initiative. The main aim of CALDi is to train young African scholars in descriptive linguistics and open up space for research into African languages at UCT with the hopes of countering the dominance of African linguistics outside the continent. It has been a great challenge for which my whole career has been a form of preparation...Read more
The Cambridge Handbook of Communication Disorders examines the full range of developmental and acquired communication disorders and provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive guide to the epidemiology, aetiology and clinical features of these disorders.
Noting specific inadequacies with truth-conditional approaches, Ishikawa develops a dynamic theory of reference incorporating features of Discourse Representation Theory, File Change Semantics and Situation Semantics, and also deals with non-monotonic belief revision. He argues that the task of natural language semantics is to describe meaning in terms of the psychological relation of language to our cognition of external reality. In his approach, a linguistic expression's meaning is its potential to change the information state of a cognitive agent. Reference is not understood as a link to a real individual external to an agent, but as the agent's act to link a character in a linguistic frame of individuation to characters in other (linguistic or nonlinguistic) frames. As the target of inquiry, the distinction between referential and attributive uses of definite descriptions is analyzed through the construction of conversation scenarios. In addition, Ishikawa extends his theory to an analysis of belief and attitude reports. Application of the theory to cleft and pseudocleft constructions is also outlined. Presented in a very accessible style, Ishikawa's theory will be of interest to scholars in cognitive science/artificial intelligence and philosophy as well as linguistics.