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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

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Title: A Network Theory of Reference
Written By: Kiyoshi Ishikawa

Noting specific inadequacies with truth-conditional approaches, Ishikawa develops a dynamic theory of reference incorporating features of Discourse Representation Theory, File Change Semantics and Situation Semantics, and also deals with non-monotonic belief revision. He argues that the task of natural language semantics is to describe meaning in terms of the psychological relation of language to our cognition of external reality. In his approach, a linguistic expression's meaning is its potential to change the information state of a cognitive agent. Reference is not understood as a link to a real individual external to an agent, but as the agent's act to link a character in a linguistic frame of individuation to characters in other (linguistic or nonlinguistic) frames. As the target of inquiry, the distinction between referential and attributive uses of definite descriptions is analyzed through the construction of conversation scenarios. In addition, Ishikawa extends his theory to an analysis of belief and attitude reports. Application of the theory to cleft and pseudocleft constructions is also outlined. Presented in a very accessible style, Ishikawa's theory will be of interest to scholars in cognitive science/artificial intelligence and philosophy as well as linguistics.

Publication Year: 1998
Publisher: IULC Publications
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Semantics
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Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 139pp
Prices: $20.00 + p&h: $3.50 US, $5.00