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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


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Title: Case Configuration and Noun Phrase Interpretation
Written By: Helen de Hoop
Description:

This study examines the relationship between the Case of a noun phrase (NP) and its quantificational character. It develops a hypothesis about strong and weak readings of NPs on the one hand, and type of Case assignment on the other, based on two types of structural Cases, strong structural Case, licensed at S-structure, and weak structural Case, licensed at D-structure. Morphological realizations of the distinction between weak and strong Cases are found in Finnish, Turkish, and Inuit. According to the hypothesis that links these two types of structural Cases to different interpretations, an object is considered a generalized quantifier only if it bears strong Case. The theory is further extended by applying it to several linguistic environments. The constructions under discussion are sensitive to either syntactic or semantic restrictions. The study shows that these constructions can be accounted for by both types of restrictions, and offers an analysis of object-scrambling in Dutch; the fact that only NPs on a strong reading can be scrambled is attributed to the type of Case that is licensed at different structural positions at different levels of representation. The assumption that scrambling is an instance of A-movement explains the fact that NPs that bear weak Case cannot scramble, although they can topi calize. The hypothesis concerning the relation between Case and interpretation is furthermore extended to subjects to account for the differences in subject interpretations in standard as well as VP-internal positions in English and Dutch. The theory also explains another instance in which a weak-strong effect plays a role, namely PP-extrapolation in English and Dutch.

Publication Year: 1997
Publisher: Garland Publishers
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Syntax
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0815325606
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 272
Prices: $67