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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information


Title: Variation and Change in Spanish
Written By: Ralph Penny

This book applies recent theoretical insights to trace the development of
Castilian and Latin American Spanish from the Middle Ages onwards, through
processes of repeated dialect mixing both within the Iberian Peninsula and
in the New World. The author contends that it was this frequent mixing
which caused Castilian to evolve more rapidly than other varieties of
Hispano-Romance, and which rendered Spanish particularly subject to
levelling of its linguistic irregularities and to simplification of its
structures. These two processes continued as the language extended into and
across the Americas. These processes are viewed in the context of the
Hispano-Romance dialect continuum, which includes Galician, Portuguese and
Catalan, as well as New World varieties. The book emphasises the subtlety
and seamlessness of language variation, both geographical and social, and
the impossibility of defining strict boundaries between varieties. Its
conclusions will be relevant both to Hispanists and to historical
sociolinguists more generally.

"This strongly recommended as essential background reading for
hispanists in general and as an introductory account for dialectologists
and sociolinguists."
Language in Society

Publication Year: 2004
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
Subject Language(s): Ladino
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 0521604508
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 298
Prices: U.K. £ 21.99
U.S. $ 32.99