"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Specifically targeted towards the needs of a second language research
audience, Second Language Research: Methodology and Design addresses basic
issues related to research design, providing step-by-step instructions for
how to carry out studies. This up-to-date text includes chapters that cover
identifying research problems and questions; selecting elicitation
measures; dealing with ethical issues related to data gathering; validity
and reliability in research; research in second and foreign language
classroom contexts; data description and coding; and data analysis. Also
included is a chapter on the much needed and rarely addressed topic of
writing up SLA research, with concrete suggestions about preparing for
publication. Principles of both qualitative and quantitative research are
discussed in the context of design issues. Throughout the book, examples
from applied linguistics, second language acquisition, and TESOL are
provided. Helpful discussion and data-based skill-building exercises at the
end of each chapter promote better understanding of the principles
discussed. A glossary outlines key terms in second language research.
Second Language Research: Methodology and Design is an ideal textbook for
introductory and advanced classes in second language research methods, as
well as classes in related areas, for example TESOL research methods.