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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


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Title: Features, Positions and Affixes in Autonomous Morphological Structure
Written By: Rolf Noyer
Description:

The first extensive, cross-linguistic study within Distributed Morphology, this work presents a theory of the spell-out of syntactic structures as phonologically realized inflected words. Although the characteristics of well-formed words largely emerge from the interaction of forces distributed throughout the grammar (syntactic movement and the arbitrary resources of language-specific vocabulary), a residue of autonomous morphology remains, including morphosyntactic feature neutralization (Impoverishment), local re-ordering of affixes, and locally selected affix templates. The study presents a detailed synchronic and diachronic investigation of the Afroasiatic prefix conjugation from Old Akkadian to contemporary dialects of Arabic and Berber. Disjunctive ordering of morphological rules cannot simultaneously effect both position class and unique exponence effects, as in standard word-and-paradigm approaches. An original synthesis of morpheme-based and paradigm-based models is proposed in which syntactic nodes fuse or fission into their phonological signals by means of vocabulary-driven spell-out, with little or no extrinsic ordering of morphological rules. A set of feature co-occurrence restrictions or filters is provided which determines the alphabet of inflectional categories. Languages with rich inflection provide positive evidence to the learner to unlearn certain filters; otherwise, filters automatically Impoverish morphosyntactic representations, explaining the systematic absence of forms which might otherwise be constructed by freely operating word-formation rules. The filter theory of Impoverishment is exemplified with a thorough cross-linguistic study of person and number, including a comparative study of the inherent number systems of the Kiowa-Tanoan languages. The proposed theory is then tested against complex multiple-argument verbal agreement systems in Warlpiri and Nunggubuyu (Australian), Kiowa-Tanoan, and Ket (Siberia).

Publication Year: 1997
Publisher: Garland Publishers
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0815327595
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 428
Prices: $89