"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The In-Between People
Language and Culture Maintenance and Mother-Tongue Education in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea
They are the last generation to have experienced (as children) traditional
life before contact with European cultures in the early 1950s, and the
first generation to experience the cultural changes brought about by that
contact---these are "the in-between people". As parents, they want their
children to experience the best of both the high technology world of today,
and the language and culture of their traditional world.
The In-Between People studies how the Kaugel-speaking people of Papua New
Guinea approach the tension that results from the intersection of the old
and new cultures. Specifically, the author focuses on Kaugel pre-primary
bilingual education, a nonformal mother-tongue education program whose
purpose is to increase the children's success in formal English education
and also to increase their appreciation of and participation in their
ethnic language and culture. He approaches his work with three purposes in
mind: understanding how the Kaugel pre-primary program has been maintained
and expanded; understanding Kaugel parents' attitude toward their
children's education; and describing how community members resolve the
tension between maintaining their mother tongue and succeeding in