"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Model theory investigates the relationships between mathematical structures ("models") on the one hand and formal languages (in which statements about these structures can be formulated) on the other. Examples of these structures are the natural numbers with the usual arithmetical operations; the natural numbers with the usual arithmetical operations; the structures familiar from algebra; and ordered sets. The emphasis in this book is on first-order languages, whose model theory is best known. An example of a result is Lowenheim's theory (the oldest in the field): a first-order sentence true of some uncountable structure must hold in some countable structure as well. The author deals with second-order languages and several of its fragments as well. As the title indicates, this book introduces the reader to what is basic in model theory. A special feature is its use of the Ehrenfeucht game by which the reader is familiarized with the world of models.