This work constitutes the first comprehensive study of the Balkan Slavic
appellative forms of language. Forms of appeal are represented in the
nominal system by the vocative, and in the verbal system by the imperative.
In addition, they are rendered by a variety of emphatic particles,
periphrastic expressions, and marked syntactic formulae. By interpreting
standard and dialectal Serbian, Macedonian and Bulgarian forms, the author
illustrates the interplay of the "Slavic" and the "Balkan" appellative
elements, which have previously been largely neglected by scholars. Balkan
Slavic appellative forms often vary according to the context of the speech
event. This study incorporates principles of pragmatics and discourse
analysis in explaining the usage of a given appellative form.
Chapter 1 introduces the appellative forms, surveys the published works,
and discusses the methodology and data of this work. Chapter 2 presents an
analysis of the standard forms in Serbian, Macedonian and Bulgarian, the
three standard languages which frame the Balkan Slavic Sprachbund. Since
the appellative forms are inherently linked with the speech act, they
display a rich variety of dialectal-colloquial forms. These are discussed
in chapter 3 (morphology) and 4 (syntax). Chapter 5 examines the
"Balkanness" of the phenomena, and suggests that the conventional
understanding of "Balkan" must be revised in light of the appellative
isoglosses, which stretch far beyond the traditional "Balkan" territory
into Montenegrin and Serbian dialects.