"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This monograph offers a new analysis of West Germanic 'Infinitivus Pro
Participio' (IPP) constructions, within the framework of Optimality Theory.
IPP constructions have long been problematic for syntactic theory, because
a bare infinitive is preferred over the expected past participle. The book
shows how the substitution of the past participle by the infinitive in IPP
constructions can be captured straightforwardly if constraints are assumed
to be violable. The basic idea is that IPP constructions are exceptional
because they violate otherwise valid rules of the language. Thus, IPP is a
'last resort' or repair strategy, which is only visible in cases in which
the past participle would be 'even worse'. Furthermore, as the choice of
Optimality Theory naturally leads to a crosslinguistic account, the book
systematically examines and compares infinitival constructions from seven
West Germanic languages including Afrikaans, Dutch, German, West Flemish,
and three Swiss German dialects.