"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
English Prepositions Explained has been written both for non-native and native speakers of English and is intended for: teachers of English; translators; materials writers; advanced students of English; frequent users of English generally. English Prepositions Explained furnishes information about English prepositions that is available in no other book currently in print. EPE both complements and is complemented by The BBI Dictionary of English Word Combinations, which lists common collocations (including prepositional collocations) in a fashion that makes them readily locatable. Like a grammar handbook, EPE describes how prepositions and directional adverbs are used. Its main work, however, consists in providing answers to the following questions: What meanings does each preposition have?; How are a preposition's different meanings related?; Which meaning(s) underlie this or that usage?; Which usages are true idioms and which express systematic meaning?; What are the major semantic families of preposition?; Where are the boundaries in meaning between the prepositions within each family?; When various prepositions are usable in the same context, what different meaning or nuance does each contribute and why?; What is the role of metaphor in the English system of prepositions?; What is a phrasal verb and to what extent do they reflect systematic meanings? Explanations are liberally supported with iconic/pictorial illustrations and examples of usage. It is this explanatory, rather than merely descriptive, approach which makes EPE a unique resource for creative writing. Covering more than seventy, mostly spatial and temporal, prepositions, it presents a picture of remarkable systematicity. Among EPE's twenty-three chapters are: an overview of the grammar and semantics of prepositions (of place, path and time) and of directional adverbs; Nineteen chapters on families of prepositions; a chapter on phrasal verbs; a summary of key abstract notions expressed by prepositions. EPE is fully indexed and includes a glossary of terms and an annotated bibliography.