"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Each of the 29 reviews in this book provides a state-of-the-art report of research into a different aspect of assessment of first and/or second language ability. There are sections on the testing of individual skills, methods of assessment, quantitative and qualitative approaches to test validation, and the ethics and effects of testing and assessment. The volume is specifically aimed at researchers who are looking for a brief synopsis of past and present research in a specific field, but will also be useful as a general introduction to research in language assessment for applied linguists and language teachers.