"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This book offers an HPSG-based discourse grammar for a controlled language
(Air Traffic Control) that allows the identification of well-formed
discourse patterns. A formalisation of discourse theoretical structures
that occur especially in crisis situations that involve potential aviation
disasters is introduced. Of particular importance in this context are
discourse sequences that help secure uptake among the crew and between crew
and tower in order to coordinate actions that might result in avoiding a
potential disaster. In order to describe the relevant phenomena, an
extended HPSG formalism is used. The extension concerns the capability of
modelling speech acts as proposed by Searle & Vanderveken (1985). The
grammar is modelled by employing XML as a denotational semantics and is
applied to the corpus data. This work thus lays the foundation for the
automatic recognition of discourse structures in aviation communication.
Table of contents
1. Towards an analysis of crisis talk 6–29
2. Discourse-related approaches 31–51
3. Linguistic and corpus methodology 53–86
4. Analysis of general dialogue properties 87–133
5. Analysis of particular dialogue properties 135–176