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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   

Title: Beyond Alternations: A Constructional Model of the German Applicative Pattern
Written By: Laura A. Michaelis
Josef Ruppenhofer
Description:

Alternations play a central role in most current theories of verbal argument structure, which are devised primarily to model the syntactic flexibility of verbs. Accordingly, these frameworks take verbs, and their projection properties, to be the sole contributors of thematic content to the clause. Approached from this perspective, the German applicative (or be-prefix) construction has puzzling properties. First, while many applicative verbs have transparent base forms, many, including those coined from nouns, do not. Second, applicative verbs are bound by interpretive and argument-realization conditions which cannot be traced to their base forms, if any. These facts suggest that applicative formation is not appropriately modeled as a lexical rule. Using corpus data from a diverse array of genres,
Michaelis and Ruppenhofer propose a unified solution to these two puzzles within the frame-work of Construction Grammar. Central to this account is the concept of valence augmentation: argument-structure constructions denote event types, and therefore license valence sets which may properly include those of their lexical fillers. As per
Panini's Law, resolution of valence mismatch favors the construction over the verb. Like verbs of transfer and lo-cation, the applicative construction has a prototype-based event-structure representation: diverse implications of applicative predications - including iteration, transfer, affectedness, intensity and saturation - are shown to derive via regular patterns of semantic extension from the topological concept of coverage.

Publication Year: 2001
Publisher: CSLI Publications
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Semantics
Syntax
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 1575863294
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 149
Prices: US$63.00

 
 
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 1575863308
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 149
Prices: US$22.50