"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Through a variety of logical/linguistic investigations, the past century
witnessed some of the most important advances in the history of philosophy.
The outcome, however, has been the largely isolated results of a piece-meal
approach to philosophy. In his landmark work Sign Levels, D.S. Clarke
provides readers with an integrative framework designed to overcome this
lack of sustained focus. Drawing on the pragmatist tradition of semiotic of
Peirce and Morris, he traces the development of the logical categories of
language to the more primitive sign levels of natural events and signals.
The concluding chapters discuss the unique features introduced by spoken
natural languages and the written specialized languages used within social
This bold venture into synthetic philosophy provides:
* a methodology for comparing language to primitive sign levels that avoids
* comparisons and contrasts between sign levels that enable distinctions
between necessary and contingent features of language;
* an integrative framework for relating isolated results in linguistic
philosophy, experimental psychology, and ethology;
* a means of resolving some of the principal metaphysical disputes derived
from linguistic investigations.