"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Essays on Semantics by Hintikka, Carlson, Peacocke, Rantala and Saarinen
This book is a collection of studies applying game-theoretical concepts and
ideas to analysing the semantics of natural language and some formal
languages. The bulk of the book consists of several papers by Hintikka,
Carlson and Saarinen and discusses several of the central problems of the
semantics of natural language.
The topics covered are the semantics of natural language quantifiers,
conditionals, pronouns and anaphora more generally. Hintikka's famous essay
presenting examples of 'branching quantifier structures' in English, as
well as one formulating his 'any-every thesis', are included. The book also
includes Hintikka's closely argued philosophical discussion of the
relationships between the new semantical games with the language games of
Wittgenstein. Other papers apply the game-theoretical approach to formal
languages including tense logics and tense anaphora (Saarinen), deontic
logic and Ross' paradox (Hintikka), and usual predicate logic (Rantala).
The latter amounts to an explication of the 'impossible possible' worlds as
is shown in Hintikka's concluding paper.