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Title: Darkhat
Written By: Csaba Gáspár
Series Title: Languages of the World/Materials 419

Darkhats live in Khöwsgöl, the northernmost county of Mongolia, in the
districts of Rinchenlkhümbe, Ulaan Uul, Bayandzürkh. Their origin has not
been cleared so far; it is not even to be easily decided whether they are
descendants of Turks or Mongols. It seems very likely by all means that
they were living together with tribes of Turkic origin; this can be
inferred from several linguistic phenomena. Since they have been nomadising
quite isolated in the high mountains far from the centre, traditional
culture and shamanism could survive among them.

Darkhat is considered as a dialect of the Khalkha, but bears the features
of the Oirat, Buryat and Khalkha, as well. It resembles Oirat for the
labial attraction, both the Oirat and Buryat concerning the affixation and
verbal inflexions, and its vocabulary contains numerous typical Oirat
words, too. G. Sanzheyev, one of the few linguists who has given an outline
of Darkhats' language, said, "[...]Darkhat can be regarded as a modern form
of Oirat."

Peculiar distinguishing features of Darkhat are its peculiar intonation,
tune, some phonetic and morphological properties, and its special
vocabulary. The author's object is to give a comprehensive description of
Darkhat dialect, using the results of earlier researches as well as the
newest materials collected on the expeditions of the Inner Asian Department
of ELTE University Budapest since 1991 up to now.

Publication Year: 2005
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Subject Language(s): Darkhat
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3895866962
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 60
Prices: Europe EURO 33.00
U.S. $ 43.56
U.K. £ 22.76