The main argument of the present study is that T/A adverbials in Turkish
constitute the third parameter in aspectual interpretation along with the
other two parameters, namely situation type and viewpoint aspect.
Concerning the expression of viewpoint aspect in Turkish, (i) the semantic
distinctions denoted by Turkish T/A morphology and (ii) the basic
opposition between perfective vs. imperfective and their extended
interpretations are considered. As for the second parameter, the
interaction of situation type with objects, Turkish perfective vs.
imperfective morphology and T/A adverbials is analyzed. A time-relational
analysis/ categorization of T/A adverbials is proposed. The data suggest
that T/A adverbials constitute one of the core elements of aspectual
interpretation and that a combination of the insights of B. Comrie, C.
Smith, W. Klein and M. Krifka is required to account for Turkish data
In conclusion, it is argued that aspectual oppositions derive from
universal properties of time intervals, relations between intervals and
mereological structure and that aspect is a linguistic instantiation of
boundedness. The opposition between perfective and imperfective is argued
to be an instantiation of a total vs. partial overlap relation between the
reference interval and the time of the situation, in analogy to one that
obtains between an adverbial interval and the time of the situation. This,
in turn, suggests that from a wider perspective aspect is a linguistic
reflection of the basic conceptual/perceptual contrast between figure and
ground in the sense of L. Talmy and H. Demirdache & M. Uribe Etxebarria.
CH. 1: Introduction
CH. 2: Theoretical Framework
CH. 3: A Time-Relational Analysis of
Tense/Aspect Morphology In Turkish
CH. 4: Viewpoint Aspect in Turkish
CH. 5: Situation Aspect in Turkish
CH. 6: A Time-Relational Account for Turkish
CH. 7: Conclusion
Appendix: The Data