"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
In central cases of switch-reference, a marker on the verb of one clause is
used to indicate whether its subject has the same or different reference
from the subject of an adjacent, syntactically related clause. In central
cases of logophoricity, a special pronoun form is used within a reported
speech context, to indicate coherence with the source of reported speech.
Lesley Stirling argues that these types of anaphoric linkage across clause
boundaries cannot be adequately accounted for by Binding Theory. Her
detailed examination of the two phenomena, including a case study of the
Papuan language Amele, proposes an account for them which is formalized in
Discourse Representation Theory, and explores how far it is possible for
such an account to be compositional morpho-syntactic/semantic, while at the
same time taking seriously the range of linguistic and cross-linguistic
data to be explained. Switch-reference's indication of agreement or
disagreement between clauses (or larger discourse units) is shown to
function along various parameters contributing to discourse continuity:
their major protagonists, spatial and temporal location, and their status
as describing actual or non-actual situations. The arguments bear also on
general debates around the nature of linguistically marked referential
relations and the analysis of logophoric phenomena.