"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
In Lexical Strata in English, Heinz Giegerich investigates the way in which
alternations in the sound patterns of words interact with the morphological
processes of the language. Drawing examples from English and German, he
uncovers and spells out in detail the principles of 'lexical morphology and
phonology', a theory that has in recent years become increasingly
influential in linguistics. Giegerich queries many of the assumptions made
in that theory, overturning some and putting others on a principled
footing. What emerges is a new, formally coherent and highly constrained
theory of the lexicon - the theory of 'base-driven' stratification - which
predicts the number of lexical strata from the number of base-category
distinctions recognized in the morphology of the language. Finally, he
offers new accounts of some central phenomena in the phonology of English
(including vowel 'reduction', [r]-sandhi and syllabification), which both
support and are uniquely facilitated by this new theory.