"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Grammar in Interaction
Adverbial Clauses in American English Conversations
Cecilia E. Ford explores the question: what work do adverbial clauses do in
conversational interaction? Her analysis of this predominating conjunction
strategy in English conversation is based on the assumption that grammars
reflect recurrent patterns of situated language use, and that a primary
site for language is in spontaneous talk. She considers the interactional
as well as the informational work of talk and shows how conversationalists
use grammar to coordinate their joint language production. The management
of the complexities of the sequential development of a conversation, and
the social roles of conversational participants, have been extensively
examined within the sociological approach of Conversation Analysis. Dr Ford
uses Conversation Analysis as a framework for the interpretation of
interclausal relations in her database of American English conversations.
Her book contributes to a growing body of research on grammar in discourse,
which has until recently remained largely focused on monologic rather than
dialogic functions of language.