"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Categories of the verb in natural languages include tense, aspect, modality
(mood) and voice. Among these, voice, in its rich and diverse
manifestations, is perhaps the most complex. But most prior research
concentrates on only certain types, predominantly passives. Voice expresses
relations between a predicate and a set of nominal positions - or their
referents - in a clause or other structure. Grammatical Voice is the first
typological study of voice systems based on a multi-language survey. It
introduces a threefold classification of voice types, in the first place
distinguishing passivization phenomena (derived voice) from active-middle
systems (basic voice); and further, distinguishing each of these from
pragmatically grounded voice behaviours, such as focus and inverse systems.
As the first comprehensive study of voice systems and voice typology, this
book makes a significant contribution to current research in linguistics
and grammatical theory.