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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Title: Typology of Imperative Constructions
Written By: Viktor S. Xrakovskij
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 09
Description:

The present volume has been prepared by the Language Typology Workshop of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Linguistic Research. The book continues the earlier studies of the Workshop addressing grammatical categories of the verb linked to the semantic and syntactic structure of the sentence: (ed. A.A. Kholodovich) Typology of Causative Constructions, Nauka: Leningrad, 1969; (ed. A.A. Kholodovich) Typology of Passive Constructions, Nauka: Leningrad, 1974; (ed. V.P. Nedjalkov) Typology of Resultative Constructions, Amsterdam, 1988; (ed. V.S. Xrakovskij) Typology of Iterative Constructions, LINCOM EUROPA, Munchen, 1997; etc. The monograph focuses on imperative sentences and verb forms used in them. The main objective of this work is, by proceeding from the universal definition of the imperative concept, to describe the imperative sentences from the angle of language typology. The volume consists of three parts. Part 1 contains two chapters: Chapter 1, outlining the theoretical concept of the research, and Chapter 2, presenting a questionnaire on imperative sentences and imperative verb forms. Part 2 contains 23 chapters on imperative sentences in structurally different languages: Aleut, Armenian, Bamana, Cambodian, English, Eskimo, Ewe, French, German, Gypsy, Hausa, Hebrew, Indonesian, Japanese, Kerek, Klamath, Maori, Mongol, Nivkh, Tagalog, Turkic languages, Vietnamese, and Javanese. These 23 chapters are grouped into five sections in consistence with five types of languages that are singled out basing on two major attributes: (i) presence or absence of a specific imperative person/number paradigm, and (ii) homogeneity or non-homogeneity of the forms in the imperative paradigm. Part 3 provides an alternative interpretation of the imperative paradigm that differs from the theory developed in the preceding chapters both in its general approach and in specific aspects of analysis. The contributors to the volume are: researchers from Saint Petersburg Institute of Linguistic Research (Agus Salim, T. G. Akimova, L. A. Biriulin, N. B. Vaxtin, A. P. Volodin, E. V. Golovko, E. Yu. Gruzdeva, I. B. Dolinina, N. A. Kozintseva, E. E. Kordi, D. M. Nasilov, A. Yu. Rusakov, M. A. Smirnova, N. M. Spartar, V. A. Stegnij, V. S. Xrakovskij), Oriental Faculty of the Saint Petersburg State University (I. S. Bystrov, N. A. Dobronravin, E. A. Kuzmenkov, L. V. Malygina, A. K. Ogloblin, G. E. Rachkov), as well as linguists from other research institutions of Russia, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam: X. F. Isxakova, and M. S. Polinskaja (Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences), V. M. Alpatov (Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences), M. B. Bergelson (Institute of the Russian Language of the Russian Academy of Sciences), Kofi O. Agbodjo and V. P. Litvinov (Pyatigorsk Pedagogical Institute), S. M. Kibardina (Vologda Pedagogical Institute), Sh. S. Safarov (Samarkand Pedagogical Institute), and N. V. Stankevich (Hanoi University). The book is supplied with an extensive bibliography.

Publication Year: 2001
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Semantics
Syntax
Typology
Subject Language(s): Aleut
Armenian
Bambara
English
Ewe
French
German
Hebrew
Hausa
Indonesian
Javanese
Japanese
Mongolian, Halh
Klamath-Modoc
Khmer, Central
Kerek
Maori
Gilyak
Domari
Tagalog
Vietnamese
Language Family(ies): Turkic
Eskimo
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 3895865427
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 500
Prices: USD 84 / DM 148 / # 48