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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

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Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

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Title: Event Semantics of Verb Frame Alternations:A Case Study of Dutch and Its Acquisition
Written By: Angeliek Van Hout
Description:

Using both theoretical and language acquisition arguments, this study proposes a new model of the lexicon-syntax interface defined in terms of checking event-semantic features. The research is based on Dutch verbs and their possible verb frames (intransitive, transitive, etc.) and two studies of children's Dutch. The model developed from these cases represents more generally the way in which Universal Grammar organizes the lexicon of a language and the mapping system that associates a verb's lexical features with its syntactic projection. The author shows that a predicate's event-semantic or aspectual properties define the mapping relation between lexicon and syntax, rather than lexical-semantic information of the verb's event participants, which is the more traditional view. A verb's appearance in several different verb frames is determined by event type-shifting; an atelic (= unbounded) or a telic (= bounded) event type yields different verb frames, and so does a non-causative or a causative event type. These effects can only be captured if the mapping relation is sensitive to event semantics. The two acquisition studies offer a new and unique perspective on verb learning. One is a longitudinal study on the acquisition of light verbs; the other is an experimental study on the acquisition of intransitive verbs. They show that children are sensitive to event semantics from early in the language acquisition process.

Publication Year: 1998
Publisher: Garland Publishers
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Psycholinguistics
Semantics
Subject Language(s): Dutch
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0815331282
ISBN-13: N/A
Prices: $91