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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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Book Information

   

Title: Standard Negation
Subtitle: The Negation of Declarative Verbal Main Clauses in a Typological Perspective
Written By: Matti Miestamo
URL: http://www.degruyter.de/rs/bookSingle.cfm?id=IS-3110185792-1&l=E
Series Title: Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 31
Description:

WINNER OF THE 2005 ALT JUNIOR AWARD

This book is the first cross-linguistic study of clausal negation based on
an extensive and systematic language sample. Methodological issues,
especially sampling, are discussed at length. Standard negation - the basic
structural means languages have for negating declarative verbal main
clauses - is typologized from a new perspective, paying attention to
structural differences between affirmatives and negatives. In symmetric
negation affirmative and negative structures show no differences except for
the presence of the negative marker(s), whereas in asymmetric negation
there are further structural differences, i.e. asymmetries. A distinction
is made between constructional and paradigmatic asymmetry; in the former
the addition of the negative marker(s) is accompanied by further structural
differences in comparison to the corresponding affirmative, and in the
latter the correspondences between the members of (verbal etc.) paradigms
used in affirmatives and negatives are not one-to-one. Cross-cutting the
constructional-paradigmatic distinction, asymmetric negation can be further
divided into subtypes according to the nature of the asymmetry. Standard
negation structures found in the 297 sample languages are exemplified and
discussed in detail. The frequencies of the different types and some
typological correlations are also examined. Functional motivations are
proposed for the structural types - symmetric negatives are
language-internally analogous to the linguistic structure of the
affirmative and asymmetric negatives are language-externally analogous to
different asymmetries between affirmation and negation on the functional
level. Relevant diachronic issues are also discussed.

The book is of interest to language typologists, descriptive linguists and
to all linguists interested in negation.

MATTI MIESTAMO works at the Department of General Linguistics, University
of Helsinki, Finland.

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Publication Year: 2005
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Typology
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 3110185792
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: xiv, 490
Prices: Europe EURO 98.00
U.S. $ 137.20