"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Verbal Periphrases in Romance Aspect, Actionality, and Grammaticalization
Focusing on the interplay of aspect and actionality (Aktionsart) in the grammaticalization process, this monographs presents a detailed synchronic and diachronic examination of the semantics of various Romance verbal periphrases. It is shown that as a verbal periphrasis is being grammaticalized, actional restrictions are gradually loosened, and the semantics shifts from the domain of actionality to that of aspect. These processes are important both for an understanding of the Romance data and, more importantly, for a general understanding of the historical development of aspect. Given the usually one-way nature of grammaticalization processes, this volume provides a more powerful tool for plotting directions of change where direct historical evidence is lacking. Based on extensive corpora, the work covers a wide range of Romance `aspectual' periphrases, thus also providing an important database for several Romance languages, including dialects and regional varieties, and periods. Introductory descriptions of the relevant periphrases and complete English translations of all examples are provided, thus making the book equally accessible to Romance specialists and to general linguists.