San Carlos Apache is a variety of Western Apache, a Southern Athabascan (or
Apachean) language spoken on and around the San Carlos Reservation in east
central Arizona, USA. It might of interest to Karl May readers to know that
the Apache words in Karl May's Winnetou books were actually San Carlos
Apache, even though Winnetou was supposed to have been a Mescalero Apache.
Although there might be as many as 13,000 speakers of Western Apache, very
few children are learning the language, and therefore its future is not
assured. This pedagogical grammar covers the major topics of San Carlos
Apache phonology, morphology, and syntax. It is designed for undergraduate
university students and high school language teachers with some training in
linguistics. It can also be used as a teach yourself text. Since there is
at this time no reference grammar, it can also be profitably used as a
reference document by professional linguists.
The work contains an introduction on the goals and scope of the text, an
introductory lesson on the pronunciation and spelling of San Carlos Apache,
followed by 20 graded lessons on morphological and syntactic topics. Each
of these lessons contains grammatical explanations, numerous example
sentences, exercises for non-native speakers, more advanced exercises for
native speakers, and dialogs with translations.
The appendices contain suggestions for further reading, a detailed index of
grammatical terminology and topics, and an index to the verb paradigms. The
book ends with full Apache-English and English-Apache glossaries.
This grammar was written with the assistance of Phillip Goode, a renowned
native language expert and teacher. Several other native language
consultants also provided input.