"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
A Comparative Survey of Reduplication in Australian Languages
This study presents a cross-linguistic examination of reduplicative
constructions in a sample of 120 Australian languages. It provides a
descriptive and comparative analysis of these reduplications, using a
cross-linguistic comparative methodology to clarify the role of
reduplication in grammar. This is especially relevant to Australian
languages since reduplication is largely used to express 'grammatical'
rather than 'lexical' meaning. Chapter one provides an introduction to the
aims and methods of the thesis.
Chapter two discusses the phonological structure of reduplication in
Australian languages by examining reduplication together with phonological
parameters as phonological word boundaries and stress patterns. Chapter
three characterises nominal reduplications and shows that reduplication of
'nouns' and 'adjectives' can be distinguished on a semantic basis, although
formal grammatical differences between the two classes may rarely be
evident in Australian languages. Chapter four examines the meanings which
verbal reduplication may exhibit, and shows a correlation between the types
of meanings found and the role of reduplication in verbal syntax semantics.
The study concludes with a summary of the findings, some conclusions, and
suggestions for further areas of study.