The concept of analogy is of central concern to modern cognitive
scientists, whereas it has been largely neglected in linguistics in the
past four decades. The goal of this thought-provoking book is (1) to
introduce a cognitively and linguistically viable notion of analogy; and
(2) to re-establish and build on traditional linguistic analogy-based
research. As a starting point, a general definition of analogy is offered
that makes the distinction between analogy-as-structure and
Chapter 2 deals with analogy as used in traditional linguistics. It
demonstrates how phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and diachronic
linguistics make use of analogy and discusses linguistic domains in which
analogy does or did not work. The appendix gives a description of a
computer program, which performs such instances of analogy-based syntactic
analysis as have long been claimed impossible.
Chapter 3 supports the ultimate (non-modular) 'unity of the mind' and
discusses the existence of pervasive analogies between language and such
cognitive domains as vision, music, and logic.
The final chapter presents evidence for the view that the cosmology of
every culture is based on analogy.
At a more abstract level, the role of analogy in scientific change is
scrutinized, resulting in a meta-analogy between myth and science.
Table of contents
1. The concept of analogy 1–66
2. Analogy inside linguistics 67–127
3. Analogy and/or overlap between language and other cognitive domains
4. Analogy (mainly) outside linguistics 165–197
5. Concluding remarks 199–202
Name index 243–245
Subject index 247–249