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Title: Comparative Constructions in Spanish and San Lucas Quiaviní Zapotec
Written By: Michael Rene Galant
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Language Typology 15

This book examines the syntax, semantics, and morphology of comparative
constructions and other degree constructions in English, Spanish, and San
Lucas Quiaviní Zapotec. Previous descriptions and analyses of comparatives
in English and Spanish are reviewed. New data from San Lucas Quiaviní
Zapotec, involving comparisons, other degree expressions, and other lexical
and functional morphemes, is presented. Attention is called to MUCH, the
abstract adjectival quantifier contained in English much and many, SLQZ
zyèeiny, zìi'lly, and -dya' / -tya', and any Spanish degree adverbial
showing number and gender agreement, but not inherently in mucho, an
allomorph of muy. In SLQZ, the sequence MUCH-ER is transparently
segmentable as such in amount comparisons (contra English and Spanish), ER
being the morpheme inherent in comparisons of inequality. In other degree
constructions explored in English, Spanish, and SLQZ, the nominal system
consistently provides a QP slot occupied by a form of MUCH, contra the
adjectival system (with certain exceptions such as in the case ofdifferent).

Non-predicative nominal expressions interact with a Deg only via the
intermediary of MUCH, whereas most adjectives must interact directly with a
Deg. Therefore, there are two instances of more and más:
(i) the instance used in amount comparisons, subdividable into MUCH (plus
agreement) and ER, and (ii) the instance used in adjectival degree
comparisons, containing only ER. Subordination and coordination are shown
to not be consistently distinguishable on syntactic grounds. ER
complementation is typically either via a preposition plus numeral, measure
phrase, or degree relative, or via an adversative conjunction structure.
The former type is introduced by de in Spanish and ta’ or cah (with
subsequent nih) in SLQZ, whereas the latter type is introduced by que in
Spanish and cah (without nih) or lohoh in SLQZ. Both types are introduced
by than in English. For more details see our webshop:

Publication Year: 2006
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
Subject Language(s): English
Zapotec, San Pedro Quiatoni
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Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3895867748
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 360
Prices: Europe EURO 68