"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
A primary problem in the area of natural language processing has been that
of semantic analysis. This book aims to look at the semantics of natural
languages in context. It presents an approach to the computational
processing of English text that combines current theories of knowledge
representation and reasoning in Artificial Intelligence with the latest
linguistic views of lexical semantics. This results in distinct advantages
for relating the semantic analysis of a sentence to its context. A key
feature is the clear separation of the lexical entries that represent the
domain-specific linguistic information from the semantic interpreter that
performs the analysis. The criteria for defining the lexical entries are
firmly grounded in current linguistic theories, facilitating integration
with existing parsers. This approach has been implemented and tested in
Prolog on a domain for physics word problems and full details of the
algorithms and code are presented. Semantic Processing for Finite Domains
will appeal to postgraduates and researchers in computational linguistics,
and to industrial groups specializing in natural language processing.