"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This is the first extended study written within the framework of Government
Phonology. Following the presentation of the main aspects of this theory,
the process of vowel-zero alternations is addressed and analysed together
with the idea that phonological processes are determined by principles of
Universal Grammar along with parameters that distinguish languages. By
using predominantly the alternation between schwa and zero in French, Monik
Charette demonstrates that vowel-zero alternations are neither cases of
insertion nor of deletion. Rather, they involve the interpretation of
'empty nuclei', i.e. nuclei with no segmental content, which must be
licensed by proper government. It is when proper government fails to apply
that a vowel is realized. Dr Charette also gives consideration to the
constraints to which proper government is subject. She argues that these
constraints result from phonological principles in conflict. This book
represents a major development in the analysis of phonological processes.
The extension of grammatical principles and parameters to phonological
phenomena is well argued, and will interest theoretical phonologists and
specialists of French alike.