"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This book examines the role of syntax in theories of sentence
comprehension, and argues for a distinct processing component which is
devoted to the recovery of syntactic structure and which utilizes the
contrasting types of information found within a Government-Binding grammar.
Paul Gorrell contrasts the primary relations (dominance and precedence) and
secondary relations (case assignment, theta-role assignment, etc.) in a
phrase-structure tree, and shows how this computational distinction of
information types is reflected in the internal structure of the parser,
which consists of two sub-components: a structure builder (responsible for
creating nodes in a tree and positing primary relations between them), and
a structure interpreter (responsible for analysing the tree in terms of
secondary relations). This model can also predict garden-path phenomena in
the processing of verb-final clauses.