"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This study focuses on the cognitive processes involved in creole genesis -
relexification, reanalysis and direct levelling - processes which the
author demonstrates play a significant role in language genesis and change
in general. Dr Lefebvre argues that the creators of pidgins/creoles use the
parametric values of their native languages in establishing those of the
language that they are creating and the semantic principles of their own
grammar in concatenating morphemes and words in the new language. This
theory is documented on the basis of a uniquely detailed comparison of
Haitian creole with its contributing French and West African languages.
Summarizing more than twenty years of funded research, the author examines
the input of adult, as opposed to child, speakers and resolves the problems
in the three main approaches, universalist, superstratist and substratist,
which have been central to the recent debate on creole development.
"...[this book] is a model of careful argumentation, including clear
description of the methods and assumptions involved in the underlying
research...the book is admittedly written for those with special interest
in pidgin and creole languages..." Linguistics