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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


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Title: Karbardian
Subtitle: East Circassian
Written By: John Colarusso
Series Title: Languages of the World/Materials 200
Description:

Kabardian, the eastern form of Circassian, is a member of the Northwest
Caucasian language family, which includes the Western Circassian or Adighé
dialects, the transitional Besleney Circassian, the distinct Abkhaz and its
closely related, Abaza, and Ubykh, transitional between Circassian and
Abkhaz-Abaza. It is native to the northwestern portion of the Caucasus
where it is spoken by roughly 360,000 people. It is the household language
of a large portion of the 4.5 million Circassian of the diaspora (Turkey,
Jordan, Syria, Israel, with a few communities in Europe and the United
States). The languages of this family are notable for their extreme
complexity at all levels of grammar. While Karbadian is quite rich
syntactically, morphologically, and phonologically, it is the simplest
member of the family phonetically, with only 49 consonants, where Ubykh 81
for a maximum. The grammar includes chapters on Phonetics, Phonology,
Inflectional Morphology, Derivational Morphology, Discourse, and a sample
text.

Table of Contents
Abbreviations
0. Introduction
0.1. Social setting
0.2. Linguistic typology
1. Phonetics
1.1. Inventory
1.2. Consonants
1.3. Vowels
1.4. Syllable canon
1.5. Vowel coloring
2. Phonology
2.1. Stress
2.2. Schwa
2.3. Assimilation of vowels to syllable rhyme (Auslaut)
2.4. Stressed (or reducing) /a/ (/ee/)
2.5. Recursive reduction of /a/
2.6. Stable /a/
2.7 Consonantal phonology
2.8. Reduction of plural suffix before predicative complementizer
3. Inflectional Morphology
3.1. Nominal inflection
3.2. Pronominal inflection
3.3. Possession
3.4. Adjectives
3.5. Postpositions
3.6. Verbal inflection
4. Derivational Morphology
4.1. Noun formation
4.2. Verb formation
4.3. Adjective formation
4.4. Counting and Quantification
5. Syntax
5.1. Ergativity
5.1.1. Case-marking and word order
5.1.2. Symmetry Breaking
5.1.3. PTF, the priority of transitive fulfillment
5.1.4. Animacy hierarchy
5.1.5. Switch reference
5.1.6. Passives
5.1.7. Di-transitives
5.1.8. Anti-ergatives
5.1.9. Causatives
5.1.10. Transitivity reduction of a “strong” di-transitive
5.1.11. Subject demotion in aversive forms
5.1.12. Oblique (logical) subjects
5.2. Split anaphors
5.2.1. Reflexives (ergative)
5.2.2. Reciprocals (anti-ergative)
5.3. Relative clauses
5.3.1. Restrictive relatives
5.3.2. Non-restrictive relatives clause
5.3.3. Headless relatives
5.3.4. Relative clauses and the overlap of control categories
(cross-over violations)
5.4. Embedded clauses
5.4.1. Embedded clauses
5.5. Verb-chaining with generic object
5.5.1. Copying of [+generic] of the absolutive onto the verb
5.5.2. Plural copying of the absolutive onto the verb
5.6. Rightward movement
6. Discourse
6.1. Causal sequences
6.2. Conjunction
6.3. Tense-suppression in linked verbs
Text sample
Bibliography

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Publication Year: 2006
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Typology
Subject Language(s): Kabardian
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3895862452
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 122
Prices: Europe EURO 48