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Title: Karbardian
Subtitle: East Circassian
Written By: John Colarusso
Series Title: Languages of the World/Materials 200

Kabardian, the eastern form of Circassian, is a member of the Northwest
Caucasian language family, which includes the Western Circassian or Adighé
dialects, the transitional Besleney Circassian, the distinct Abkhaz and its
closely related, Abaza, and Ubykh, transitional between Circassian and
Abkhaz-Abaza. It is native to the northwestern portion of the Caucasus
where it is spoken by roughly 360,000 people. It is the household language
of a large portion of the 4.5 million Circassian of the diaspora (Turkey,
Jordan, Syria, Israel, with a few communities in Europe and the United
States). The languages of this family are notable for their extreme
complexity at all levels of grammar. While Karbadian is quite rich
syntactically, morphologically, and phonologically, it is the simplest
member of the family phonetically, with only 49 consonants, where Ubykh 81
for a maximum. The grammar includes chapters on Phonetics, Phonology,
Inflectional Morphology, Derivational Morphology, Discourse, and a sample

Table of Contents
0. Introduction
0.1. Social setting
0.2. Linguistic typology
1. Phonetics
1.1. Inventory
1.2. Consonants
1.3. Vowels
1.4. Syllable canon
1.5. Vowel coloring
2. Phonology
2.1. Stress
2.2. Schwa
2.3. Assimilation of vowels to syllable rhyme (Auslaut)
2.4. Stressed (or reducing) /a/ (/ee/)
2.5. Recursive reduction of /a/
2.6. Stable /a/
2.7 Consonantal phonology
2.8. Reduction of plural suffix before predicative complementizer
3. Inflectional Morphology
3.1. Nominal inflection
3.2. Pronominal inflection
3.3. Possession
3.4. Adjectives
3.5. Postpositions
3.6. Verbal inflection
4. Derivational Morphology
4.1. Noun formation
4.2. Verb formation
4.3. Adjective formation
4.4. Counting and Quantification
5. Syntax
5.1. Ergativity
5.1.1. Case-marking and word order
5.1.2. Symmetry Breaking
5.1.3. PTF, the priority of transitive fulfillment
5.1.4. Animacy hierarchy
5.1.5. Switch reference
5.1.6. Passives
5.1.7. Di-transitives
5.1.8. Anti-ergatives
5.1.9. Causatives
5.1.10. Transitivity reduction of a “strong” di-transitive
5.1.11. Subject demotion in aversive forms
5.1.12. Oblique (logical) subjects
5.2. Split anaphors
5.2.1. Reflexives (ergative)
5.2.2. Reciprocals (anti-ergative)
5.3. Relative clauses
5.3.1. Restrictive relatives
5.3.2. Non-restrictive relatives clause
5.3.3. Headless relatives
5.3.4. Relative clauses and the overlap of control categories
(cross-over violations)
5.4. Embedded clauses
5.4.1. Embedded clauses
5.5. Verb-chaining with generic object
5.5.1. Copying of [+generic] of the absolutive onto the verb
5.5.2. Plural copying of the absolutive onto the verb
5.6. Rightward movement
6. Discourse
6.1. Causal sequences
6.2. Conjunction
6.3. Tense-suppression in linked verbs
Text sample

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Publication Year: 2006
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Subject Language(s): Kabardian
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3895862452
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 122
Prices: Europe EURO 48