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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


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Title: A Grammar of Shanghai Wu
Written By: Sean Xiaonong Zhu
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Asian Linguistics 66
Description:

The Wu dialect of Chinese is used by 80 million people in eastern China.
Shanghai is the lingua franca of Wu, and is the least conservative among Wu
dialects.
This book is a descriptive grammar of Shanghai Wu, concise but
comprehensive. It covers various topics in Shanghai grammar: the
phonological system, morphology, and syntax. In addition, two special
topics in Shanghai grammar, tone sandhi and compounding, are included. Tone
sandhi in Shanghai is a morpho-phonological process to produce prosodic
words, while compounding is a syntactic means to make lexical words.
Like other Chinese dialects, Shanghai is an isolating language. There is no
grammatical agreement or case markers, nor tense, gender or numeral
differences, or anything like those called inflection in European
languages. That does not mean there are no morphological processes at all:
reduplication, tone sandhi, and affixation are common in Shanghai. Of
course, compounding is the most productive in making new words.
Morphologically and syntactically Shanghai has something different from
Mandarin. For example, adjective reduplication in Shanghai is AAB, while it
is ABB in Mandarin. The word order in Shanghai is 'V + direct O + indirect
O', different from Mandarin's 'V + indirect O + direct O'.
The author, Dr. Xiaonong Zhu, is currently teaching at the Hong Kong
University of Science and Technology. He published widely in Chinese
historical phonology, Chinese dialectology, and experimental phonetics.

TABLE OF CONTENTS


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION


CHAPTER TWO
SYLLABLE AND PHONOLOGY
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Initials
2.3. Finals
2.3.2. Rhymes
2.4. Tones
2.5. Transcriptions
2.6. Phonotactics
2.7. Syllable

CHAPTER THREE
TONE SANDHI AND PROSODIC WORD
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Left-Dominant Sandhi
3.3. Right-Dominant Sandhi
3.4. Tone Sandhi And Stress

CHAPTER FOUR
WORD AND MORPHOLOGY
4.1 Introduction
4.2. Nominal Mophology
4.3. Verbs And Other Parts Of Speech

CHAPTER FIVE
COMPOUNDS
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Subject-Predicate Compounds
5.3. Coordinate Compounds
5.4. Subordinate Compounds
5.5. Verb-Object Compounds
5.6. Verb-Complement Compounds
5.7. Verb-Localizer Compounds
5.8. Complex Compounds

CHAPTER SIX
SYNTAX
6.1. Introduction
6.2. Word Order
6.3. Phrasal Structure
6.4. Sentence Types
6.5. Complex Sentences
6.6. Compound Sentences

CHAPTER SEVEN
SAMPLE TEXTS
7.1. A Story About The North Wind And The Sun
7.2. Father's Riddles
REFERENCES
ABBREVIATIONS

For more information, please see our webshop: www.lincom-europa.com.

Publication Year: 2006
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Subject Language(s): Wa
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 3895869007
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 192
Prices: Europe EURO 98