"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Efficient Processing with Constraint-Logic Grammars using Grammar Compilation
The ascendance of communication technologies such as the internet has accentuated the need to improve access, manipulation and translation of written language. One of the main goals of researchers in the field of computational linguistics is to create programs that put to use knowledge of human language in pursuit of technology that can overcome the many obstacles in the interaction between human and computer. In this endeavor, finding automated techniques to parse the complexities of human grammar is a premier problem tackled by human-interface researchers. The intricacy of human grammar poses problems not only of accuracy, but also of efficiency. "Efficient Processing with Constraint-Logic Grammars Using Grammar Compilation" by Guido Minnen investigates programs for automatic analysis and production of written human language. These specialized programs use knowledge about the structure and meaning of human language in the form of grammars. Various techniques are proposed which focus on solutions for practical problems in processing of constraint-logic grammars. The solutions are all based on the automatic adaptation or compilation of a grammar rather than a modification of the processing algorithm used. As such they allow the grammar writer to abstract over details of grammar processing and in many cases enable more efficient processing.