It was about one and a half years ago that I finally I arrived where I had always wanted to be and do what I had always wanted-- teach students, support small language communities and conduct research on African languages on my doorstep. The University of Cape Town and my new colleagues welcomed my efforts to establish the Centre for African Language Diversity-- CALDi as well as The African Language Archive-- TALA and I was recently appointed the Mellon Research Chair: African Language Diversity this initiative. The main aim of CALDi is to train young African scholars in descriptive linguistics and open up space for research into African languages at UCT with the hopes of countering the dominance of African linguistics outside the continent. It has been a great challenge for which my whole career has been a form of preparation...Read more
The Cambridge Handbook of Communication Disorders examines the full range of developmental and acquired communication disorders and provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive guide to the epidemiology, aetiology and clinical features of these disorders.
This study aims at constructing a fully articulated theory of tone-vowel
interaction within the framework of Optimality Theory (OT). It examines the
nature of this phenomenon in Northern Min languages, as well as various
Southeast Asian languages. The questions addressed are (i) what is the
nature of tone-vowel interaction? (ii) how do they relate to each other?
Two important findings emerge from the investigation. First, tonal types
and syllable types are closely related to each other. That is, different
groups of tones occur only in a certain kind of syllables. These
cooccurrence restrictions are identified as a correlation between tonal
contour and syllable weight.
Second, tone does not directly affect vowel distributions and alternations.
Rather, it is the relative syllable positions in which a vowel occurs and
the number of segments present in a syllable that trigger vowel
distributions and alternations. These findings lead to the conclusion that
tone and vowel do not interact directly and that there is no
feature-to-feature correlation between them. Their interaction lies in the
prosodic anchor mediating between them. To account for the correlation
between tonal contour and syllable weight and the close relationship
between syllable structures and vowel features, a prosodic anchor
hypothesis is proposed which attributes the tone-vowel interaction to the
mora and its function as an anchor for both tone and vowel.