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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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Title: Santali
Written By: Lukas Neukom
Series Title: Languages of the World/Materials 323
Description:

Santali belongs to the North-Munda branch of the Austro-Asiatic language
family. It is the largest Munda language, spoken by 5.8 million people, who
live scattered over the Indian states of Bihar, West-Bengal and Orissa.
Most of them are bilingual in Santali and in the local dominant Indo-Aryan
language.

The Santali phonemic system includes a series of retroflex consonants,
voiced and voiceless aspirated stops and glottalized stops in word-final
position, alternating with the voiced series. Some harmony rules underly
the vocalism.

Nouns can be marked for number (singular, dual, plural), class (±animate),
case (seven in number), possessor and focus or topic. The demonstrative
system has four dimensions: distance (near / far / far away), ±emphatic,
±animate, and number.

Santali has a very elaborate verb morphology. Besides various types of
argument marking (subject, object, concerned object) the verb is inflected
for seven TAM categories the markers of which have two shapes, one for
active and one for middle voice. In addition, several derivational
processes apply to the stem, such as the marking of reciprocal or
intensive. Verbs in series are very common.

Santali is known to have a weak distinction between nouns and verbs, many
stems are used both in argument and predicate function. The analysis is
mainly based on data collected by Bodding, especially on his text
collection (published in 1925) and on his huge dictionary (1929-36).
Critical portions of the grammar have been discussed with a native speaker.

Publication Year: 2006
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Subject Language(s): Santali
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3895866105
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 250
Prices: Europe EURO 81.70