This book presents a new theory of grammatical categories - the Universal Spine Hypothesis - and reinforces generative notions of Universal Grammar while accommodating insights from linguistic typology.
The making of models to encode knowledge is an intrinsic feature of human cognitive life. Signs, texts, codes, and various other representational forms are the direct outcomes of innate model-making systems. This book presents a methodological framework, developed from the field of biosemiotics, for studying semiotic phenomena as modeling processes. It presents a descriptive system for uniting semiotics and biology so that the