"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Historical Pragmatics. Pragmatic Developments in the History of English
Until very recently, pragmatics has been restricted to the analysis of contemporary spoken language while historical linguistics has studied historical texts and language change in a decontextualized way. This has now radically changed and scholars from around the world are trying to build a new theoretical framework that integrates recent advances both in pragmatics and in historical linguistics. This volume, which contains 22 original titles,starts with an introduction that is both a state-of-the-art account of historical pragmatics and a programmatic statement of its future potential and its different subfields. Part I contains seven pragmaphilological papers that deal with historical texts and their interpretations by paying close attention to the communicative context of these texts. The second and third parts comprise papers in diachronic pragmatics. The ten papers of Part II take a linguistic form as their starting point, e.g. particular lexical items or syntactic constructions, and study their pragmatic functions at different times (diachronic form-to-function mappings), while the four papers of Part III take a particular pragmatic function as their starting point. e.g. discourse strategies or politeness, and study their linguistic realisation at different times (diachronic function-to-form mappings). Contributions by: C. Allen; U. Bach; H. Bergrer; E. Bernardez & P. Tejada; M. Fludernik: G. Fritz; W. HuCllen; A. Jacobs & A. Jucker; R. Kopytko; S. Kryk-Kastovsky; J. Lennard; J. de Lima; P. Navarro-Errasti; T, Nevalainen & H. Raumolin-Brunberg; N. Onodera; G. Ronberg, S. Schwenter & E. Traugott; I. Taavistainen; T. Virtanen; K. Wales; S. Warvik; R. Watts