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Linguistic Diversity and Social Justice

By Ingrid Piller

Linguistic Diversity and Social Justice "prompts thinking about linguistic disadvantage as a form of structural disadvantage that needs to be recognized and taken seriously."


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Language Evolution: The Windows Approach

By Rudolf Botha

Language Evolution: The Windows Approach addresses the question: "How can we unravel the evolution of language, given that there is no direct evidence about it?"


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Title: An Effort Based Approach to Consonant Lenition
Written By: Robert Kirchner
Series Title: Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics
Description:

Despite the pervasiveness of lenition in the sound systems of natural language, this class of patterns has eluded adequate characterization in previous theories of phonology. Specifically, previous theories have failed to capture formally the phonetic unity of the various lenition processes (e.g. degemination, voicing, spirantization, debuccalization, deletion), or to account for the environments in which lenition typically occurs that presents a unified approach to consonant lenition, wherein particular lenition patterns arise from Optimality Theoretic conflict between a principle of effort minimization and faithfulness to auditory features, in combination with (perceptually-based) fortition constraints. It is further demonstrated that this effort-based approach straightforwardly accounts for a number of generalizations, drawn from a survey of 272 grammars: Geminate stops never lenite unless they concomitantly degeminate. Unaffricated stops never synchronically spirantize to strident fricatives. All else being equal, lenition occurs more readily the greater the openness of the flanking segments (the widely attested pattern of intervocalic lenition being a special case). Lenition occurs more readily the faster or more casual the speech. The approach is illustrated with case studies of lenition in Tumpisa Shoshone and Florentine Italian. This book represents a significant contribution to the current debate on the role of phonetic optimalization in phonological theory.

Publication Year: 2001
Publisher:
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Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
Subject Language(s): Timbisha
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0415937434
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 304
Prices: $70.00 #50.00