Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info

New from Oxford University Press!


Holy Sh*t: A Brief History of Swearing

By Melissa Mohr

Holy Sh*t: A Brief History of Swearing "contains original research into the history of swearing, and is scrupulous in analyzing the claims of other scholars."

New from Cambridge University Press!


A New Manual of French Composition

By R. L. Graeme Ritchie

A New Manual of French Composition "provides a guide to French composition aimed at university students and the higher classes in schools. "

Book Information

Sun Image

Title: An Effort Based Approach to Consonant Lenition
Written By: Robert Kirchner
Series Title: Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics

Despite the pervasiveness of lenition in the sound systems of natural language, this class of patterns has eluded adequate characterization in previous theories of phonology. Specifically, previous theories have failed to capture formally the phonetic unity of the various lenition processes (e.g. degemination, voicing, spirantization, debuccalization, deletion), or to account for the environments in which lenition typically occurs that presents a unified approach to consonant lenition, wherein particular lenition patterns arise from Optimality Theoretic conflict between a principle of effort minimization and faithfulness to auditory features, in combination with (perceptually-based) fortition constraints. It is further demonstrated that this effort-based approach straightforwardly accounts for a number of generalizations, drawn from a survey of 272 grammars: Geminate stops never lenite unless they concomitantly degeminate. Unaffricated stops never synchronically spirantize to strident fricatives. All else being equal, lenition occurs more readily the greater the openness of the flanking segments (the widely attested pattern of intervocalic lenition being a special case). Lenition occurs more readily the faster or more casual the speech. The approach is illustrated with case studies of lenition in Tumpisa Shoshone and Florentine Italian. This book represents a significant contribution to the current debate on the role of phonetic optimalization in phonological theory.

Publication Year: 2001
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
Subject Language(s): Timbisha
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0415937434
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 304
Prices: $70.00 #50.00