"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
SCROLL: Scottish Cultural Review of Language and Literature Vol. 4
'Extremely Common Eloquence' presents a detailed analysis of the narrative
and rhetorical skills employed by working-class Scots in talking about
important aspects of their lives. The wide range of devices employed by
the speakers and the high quality of the examples provide convincing
evidence to reject any possible negative evaluation of working-class
speech on the basis of details of non-standard pronunciation and grammar.
In addition to this display of linguistic accomplishment the examples
examined show how these skills are employed to communicate important
aspects of Scottish identity and culture.
Although the political status of Scotland has fluctuated over the past four
hundred years, the sense of Scottish identity has remained strong. Part of
that sense of identity comes from a form of speech that remains markedly
distinct from that of the dominant neighbour to the south. There are
cultural attitudes that indicate a spirit of independence that is
consistent with this linguistic difference. The ways in which the speakers
in this book express themselves reveal their beliefs in egalitarianism,
independence, and the value of hard work. 'Extremely Common Eloquence'
demonstrates how the methods of linguistic analysis can be combined with an
investigation into cultural values.
List of speakers
Chapter One: The Study of Language
Chapter Two: The Problems of Transcription
Chapter Three: A Small Soap Opera
Chapter Four: The Uses of Dialogue
Chapter Five: The Significance of Stories
Chapter Six: Third Person Narratives
Chapter Seven: A Stylistic Anomaly
Chapter Eight: Family Stories
Chapter Nine: The Auld Scotch Tongue
Chapter Ten: The Culture of Jock Tamson’s Bairns
Chapter Eleven: The Poetry of Talk
Chapter Twelve: Discover the People
Appendix A: Len M.'s Trip to Russia and Two Versions of a Story
Appendix B: Bill Dalgleish's Story
Appendix C: Bella K.'s Father