LOT Dissertation Series 136
A study in indirect A'-dependencies
This dissertation investigates A'-dependencies in Standard German, Zurich
German and Dutch where the dislocated constituent is indirectly, i.e. not
transformationally, related to the position where it is interpreted. The
analysis is carried out within the Principles & Parameters framework.
The first two chapters address relative clauses. On the basis of a detailed
examination of reconstruction, it is argued that German restrictive
relatives are best handled in terms of the Matching Analysis.
Chapter three deals with an alternative to long-distance relativization in
German and Dutch where the relative pronoun is governed by the preposition
von/van ‘of’ and a resumptive pronoun appears instead of a gap in the
putative extraction site. The construction, which I term Resumptive
Prolepsis, has paradoxical properties: While the external head is
interpreted inside the complement clause in the position of the resumptive,
there is clear evidence that the complement clause is a barrier for
extraction. The paradox is resolved by postulating an indirect
A'-dependency with short A'-movement in the matrix clause, operator
movement in the complement clause and an ellipsis operation that links the
The last chapter analyzes relative clauses in Zurich German. While local
relativization is shown to be largely parallel to Standard German (with the
exception of resumptives in certain positions), long-distance
relativization is reanalyzed in terms of Resumptive Prolepsis.
This study is of relevance to anyone interested in the syntax of relative
clauses, reconstruction, resumption or in the study of the syntax of
Standard German, Zurich German and Dutch.