"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This is the first grammar of French to provide an overall account of the
language from a systemic functional perspective. Alice Caffarel uses this
approach to linguistics, pioneered by Michael Halliday, to provide a
description of French grammar in terms of its meaning potential and
realizations in structure. This grammar has been developed as a resource
for discourse analysis (including the analysis of literary texts) and for
understanding how French grammar makes meaning in different textual and
One of the key aspects of this description is that it provides various
perspectives from which to explore grammar as a meaning-making potential,
from the system end and the text end of the cline of instantiation. This
multi-perspectival approach brings out both the resources specific to
particular registers and the resources general to the language. In
addition, it provides multiple pathways for exploring how meaning (both
first-order and second-order) is both construed and constructed by
lexicogrammatical patterns in texts. This systemic functional approach to
French therefore reveals a unique new perspective on one of the world's
most widely used international languages.
The book gives a comprehensive account of French grammar which is suitable
for use by undergraduates, postgraduates and academics who wish to analyse
texts of various registers, and researchers in systemic functional and