"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This thesis develops a theory of Chain Uniformity based on a strict A/A-Bar distinction, replying to alleged shortcomings of an A-A-bar typology of syntactic positions. Arguing all positions within Functional Categories (FCs) are inherently undetermined w.r.t. A/A-bar, chain Uniformity allows a chain contextual determination of their A/A-bar status, eliminating the exponential complexity related to increasing number of FCs from a language acquisition viewpoint, yet allowing a cross-linguistic flexibility previous typologies lacked. Chain Uniformity implies a reanalysis of (non-unifrom) Operator-variable chains as two uniform chains connnected through Clausal predication (as in Null Operator constructions (NOCs)) at the level of AgrPs, capturing intricate properties of past-participle agreement in French (chapter 3). Other chapters extend the analysis to specific constructions, e.g. scrambling (chapter 5), Weak and Weakest crossover effects (chapter 4) and NOCs (chapter 6).