"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Exploring the Sociocultural Structure of Formal ESL Learning
Linguistic Insights. Studies in Language and Communication. Vol. 27
This study explores the field of ESL (English as a Second Language)
classroom learning within a formal learning institution. Influenced by the
sociocultural theory in SLA (Second Language Acquisition), the book sheds
light on the question that has been boggling the minds of language
practitioners and researchers: Why is ESL classroom talk the way it is?
Based on a case study of a school in an ESL community, it argues
persuasively that classroom talk may be linked in important ways to an
operative sociocultural structure of ESL pedagogy over and above the
classroom at the institutional level.
The book examines issues which have here-to-fore been avoided by writers
and researchers in current SLA writings and classroom studies. It confronts
complex and complicated contextual and research methodological issues to
make visible what has up to now been that elusive "structure" behind the oral
practices in language classrooms. Research methods are drawn from
language education and several disciplines within linguistics and the social
sciences. Emerging from a multidisciplinary methodological framework are a
number of surprising revelations about the meanings and functions of ESL
The ESL Classroom in the Formal Learning Context
- ESL Classroom Talk and the Sociocultural Theory in Formal ESL Learning
- Ethnography and an Ethnomethodological Approach to Data Collection and
- The Bruneian ESL Context - A Case Study
- The Features of Classroom Talk in the Grammar English Lesson
- The Perception of a Sociocultural Structure in ESL Formal Instruction
- Classroom Talk and the Expression of the Sociocultural Structure of ESL