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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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Book Information


Title: The Architecture of Focus
Edited By: Valéria Molnár
Susanne Winkler
URL: http://www.degruyter.com/rs/bookSingle.cfm?id=IS-3110185784-1&l=E
Series Title: Studies in Generative Grammar 82

This collection investigates the architecture of focus in linguistic theory
from different theoretical perspectives. Research on focus and information
structure in the last four decades has shown that the phenomenon of focus
is highly complex, the theoretical approaches manifold, and the data highly
sensitive. The main emphasis has been placed on the integration of the
notion of focus in generative grammar. In recent years, however, the
approaches to focus and information structure underwent a radical change in

The theoretical concept of focus, its related terms and phenomena became
the object of research. Along with it, the research questions shifted:
instead of locating focus in the architecture of grammar, linguists
investigate the architecture of focus itself. The central underlying idea
of this collection is to document this change in perspective with the aim
of isolating essential keystones and research areas in both the theoretical
and empirical domain. The book is structured accordingly. Following the
introduction, there are four main sections: The general section discusses
the theoretical foundations of focus within grammar. The second section
hosts papers which investigate the representation of focus and topic at the
syntax-pragmatics interface. The third section discusses the phonological
representation of focus and its relation to meaning. The papers of the
final section investigate different types of focus constructions in a
variety languages. The collection of papers on the architecture of focus,
its interpretation and representation mirror the establishment of the focus
research field.


Exploring the architecture of focus in grammar
Susanne Winkler and Valeria Molnar

Part 1: Theoretical foundations of focus and information structure

On the Architecture of topic and focus
Nomi Erteschik-Shir

Topic, focus and the structural dynamics of language
Ruth Kempson, Ronny Cann, Jieun Kiaer

On the (in)dependence relation between syntax and pragmatics
Joao Costa and Maria Cristina Figueiredo Silva

Association with focus phrases
Manfred Krifka

Focus as identification
István Kenesei

Focussing as predication
Katalin É Kiss

Part 2: The representation of focus, topic and contrast at the
syntax-pragmatics interface

On different kinds of contrast
Valeria Molnar

Contrast and movement to the German prefield
Werner Frey

Noncanonical negation and information structure in Finnish
Elsi Kaiser

Double Negation and information structure: Somewhere between topic and focus
Genoveva Puskas

Part 3: The phonological representation of focus, topic and contrast and
its relation to meaning

Focus projection and default prominence
Daniel Büring

Focus on contrast and emphasis: Evidence from prosody
Nicole Richter and Grit Mehlhorn

Topic-focus controversies
Nancy Hedberg

Part 4: Focus-related constructions in different languages

Ellipsis at the interfaces: An information-structural proposal
Susanne Winkler

Elliptical dass-clauses in German
Kerstin Schwabe

On the discourse impact of subordinate clauses
André Meinunger

The influence of operators on the interpretation of DPs and PPs in German
information structure
Anita Steube

Clefts in English and Norwegian: Implications for the grammar-pragmatics
Jeanette K. Gundel

The complex functions of it-clefts
Stefan Huber

Focus constructions in Hausa
Katharina Hartmann

Publication Year: 2006
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Linguistic Theories
Subject Language(s): English
Norwegian Nynorsk
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Format: Hardback
ISBN: 3110185784
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 617
Prices: Europe EURO 98.00
U.S. $ 137.20