"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Dialects are constantly changing, and due to increased mobility in recent
years, European dialects have 'levelled', making it difficult to
distinguish a native of Reading from a native of London, or a native of
Bonn from a native of Cologne. This comprehensive study brings together a
team of leading scholars to explore all aspects of recent dialect change,
in particular dialect convergence and divergence. Drawing on examples from
a wide range of European countries - as well as areas where European
languages have been transplanted - they examine a range of issues relating
to dialect contact and isolation, and show how sociolinguistic conditions
differ hugely between and within European countries. Each
specially-commissioned chapter is based on original research, giving an
overview of current work on that particular area and presenting case
studies to illustrate the issues discussed. Dialect Change will be welcomed
by all those interested in sociolinguistics, dialectology, the relevance of
language variation to formal linguistic theories, and European languages.