Featured Linguist!

Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

Donate Now | Visit the Fund Drive Homepage

Amount Raised:


Still Needed:


Can anyone overtake Syntax in the Subfield Challenge ?

Grad School Challenge Leader: University of Washington

Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info

New from Oxford University Press!


What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

New from Cambridge University Press!


Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.

Book Information


Title: Modification and reference in the Chinese nominal
Written By: Joanna Ut-seong Sio
URL: http://www.lotpublications.nl
Series Title: LOT Dissertation Series

'Modification and reference in the Chinese nominal' investigates the
encoding of referential properties in the Chinese nominal. This study
argues that even though Chinese does not have articles, the encoding of
referential properties can still be detected by looking at modified noun
phrases. This study proposes a theory for the encoding of specificity and
definiteness in the Chinese nominal based on Cantonese, Mandarin and
Wenzhou data.

By manipulating the positions of modifiers, it is shown that in Chinese,
some structure to the left of the Numeral Phrase is responsible for the
encoding of specificity, an observation that is obscured in unmodified noun
phrases. This motivates the existence of a projection called the
Specificity Phrase in Chinese. The Specificity Phrase is present in all
specific noun phrases but absent in non-specific ones. The tie between
specificity and definiteness is captured by an 'agree' relation between the
Specificity Phrase and the Classifier Phrase. The latter is where
definiteness is encoded. The interplay between the two projections
determines the overall referential properties of a noun phrase.

Modifiers in Chinese come in two types. They appear either bare or with a
modification marker element. The two types of modifiers interact
differently with the referential property of the noun phrase and deserve
different structural status. This study argues that bare modifiers are
specifiers and marker modifiers are adjuncts, motivated by their distinct
distributions and licensing requirements.

The theory proposed here has been extended to non-Chinese languages like
Miao and Zhuang.

This thesis is of relevance to anyone interested in the study of the
referential properties of noun phrases, nominal modification, or in the
study of different languages in China.

Publication Year: 2006
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke (LOT)
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Subject Language(s): Hmong Njua
Chinese, Mandarin
Chinese, Yue
Zhuang, Dai
Zhuang, Nong
Zhuang, Yang
Zhuang, Yongnan
Zhuang, Zuojiang
Zhuang, Guibian
Zhuang, Liujiang
Zhuang, Qiubei
Zhuang, Guibei
Zhuang, Youjiang
Zhuang, Central Hongshuihe
Zhuang, Eastern Hongshuihe
Zhuang, Liuqian
Zhuang, Yongbei
Zhuang, Lianshan
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Format: Electronic
ISBN: 9789078328032
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 218
Prices: U.S. $ free
Europe EURO 22.71