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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Book Information


Title: Passivization and Typology
Subtitle: Form and function
Edited By: Werner Abraham
Larisa Leisiö
URL: http://www.benjamins.com/cgi-bin/t_bookview.cgi?bookid=TSL%2068
Series Title: Typological Studies in Language 68

Is the passive a unified universal phenomenon? The claim derived from this
volume is that the passive, if not universal, has become unified according
to function. Language as a means of communication needs the passive, or
passive-like constructions, and sooner or later develops them based on
other voices (impersonal active, middle, reflexive), specific semantic
meanings such as adversativity, or tense-aspect categories
(stative,perfect, preterit).

Certain contributors review the passives in various languages and language
groups, including languages rarely discussed. Another group of contributors
takes a novel theoretical approach toward passivization within a broad
typological perspective. Among the languages discussed are Vedic, Irish,
Mandarin Chinese, Thai, Lithuanian, Mordvin, and Nganasan, next to almost
all European languages. Various theoretical frameworks such as Optimality
Theory, Modern Structuralist Approaches, Role and Reference Grammar,
Cognitive Semantics, Distributed Morphology, and Case Grammar have been
applied by the different authors.

Table of contents

Contributor's addresses vii–viii
Abbreviations ix–x
Introduction: Passivization and typology: Form vs. function - a confined
survey into the research status quo
Werner Abraham 1–27
Active–passive and reflexives
Passives in Lithuanian (in comparison with Russian)
Emma Š. Geniušienė 29–61
Passive and middle in Indo-European: Reconstructing the early Vedic passive
Leonid Kulikov 62–81
Triggers - aspectual, semantic, and discourse-pragmatic: case studies
Pragmatic nature of Mandarin passive-like constructions
Marja Peltomaa 83–114
Development of thùuk passive marker in Thai
Amara Prasithrathsint 115–131
The passives of Modern Irish
Brian Nolan 132–164
The passive in Erzya-Mordvin folklore
Merja Salo 165–190
Grammatical voice and tense-aspect in Slavic
Junichi Toyota and Melisa Mustafović 191–212
Passive in Nganasan
Larisa Leisiö 213–230
Actor demotion
'Agent defocusing' revisited: Passive and impersonal constructions in some
European languages
Andrea Sansò 232–273
Relations between Actor-demoting devices in Lithuanian: Dedicated to Emma
Björn Wiemer 274–309
Grammaticalization in long-term diachrony
The rise and grammaticalization paths of Latin fieri and facere as passive
Michela Cennamo 311–336
Grammatical relations in passive clauses: A diachronic perspective
T. Givón 337–350
Argument structure and case
Two types of detransitive constructions in the dialects of Japanese
Kan Sasaki and Akie Yamazaki 352–372
Passive and argument structure
Tor A. Åfarlí 373–382
Case-driven agree, EPP, and passive in Turkish
Balkız Öztürk 383–402
A unique feature of the direct passive in Japanese
Kenichi Ariji 403–440
Actor demotion
Passive as a feature-suppression operation
Dalina Kallulli 442–460
Event semantics - Aspectual and semantic triggers
The compositional nature of the passive: Syntactic vs. event semantic
triggers. "Argument Hypothesis" vs. "Aspect Hypothesis"
Werner Abraham 462–501
The impersonal passive: voice suspended under aspectual conditions
Werner Abraham and Elisabeth Leiss 502–517
Simple preterit and composite perfect tense: The role of the adjectival
Monika Rathert 518–543
Author index 544–547
Subject index 548–553

Publication Year: 2006
Publisher: John Benjamins
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Syntax
Subject Language(s): Chinese, Mandarin
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 9027229805
ISBN-13: 9789027229809
Pages: 553
Prices: U.S. $ 196
Europe EURO 145.00